|Name||Nanosond-1 (RS49S, Space-PI, Space π)|
|Units or mass||3U|
|Mass in kg||2.2 kg|
|Status||not launched, expected in 2023|
|Organisation||Oryol State University|
|Entity||Academic / Education|
Investigate the conditions and factors in space that affect the SC surface. This mission will help scientists determine how the SC surfaces are damaged and what characteristics should the materials for their manufacture have?
Satellite Oryol State University. I. S. Turgenev, whose payload was developed jointly with NRU MIET and JSC Zavod PROTON, will investigate the conditions and factors in space that affect the surface of the spacecraft itself.
Pupils of the Sirius Educational Center took part in the creation of the device . In 2021-2022, together with specialists, they created a prototype of a space scanning probe microscope and special antennas that will receive data from it on the impact of the space environment on the surface of spacecraft. As a result of the work of schoolchildren, 7 printed works were published, both in Russian scientific publications and abroad.
After launching into orbit, the device will scan the surface of a gold mirror with nanometer accuracy, which is exposed to the full range of influences of outer space. Surface images will be transmitted via radio to Earth so that specialists can evaluate the processes of destruction of materials in space.
Near-Earth space is an aggressive environment for artificial vehicles that a person puts into orbit. Their shell is affected by cosmic dust and solar radiation, ionic wind and high-energy particles, impacts of nanometeorites. Also, the near-Earth space is filled and constantly replenished with space debris generated by meteorite activity and out of order spacecraft, the mutual collision of parts of which every minute gives rise to hundreds of micro and nano-objects - particles, forming whole, so-called dust clouds moving at great speed. This poses a huge danger to spacecraft, since a collision can damage the skin and the communications and controls.
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